Thứ Ba, 14 tháng 5, 2019

Những lưu ý khi viết bài luận Tiếng Anh

Những lưu ý khi viết bài luận Tiếng Anh

1. Brainstorming ideas: Hình thành các ý tưởng
Đây là bước rất quan trọng khi muốn viết về một chủ để nào đó, người viết phải brainstorm ý tưởng của mình trước khi đưa vào bài viết một cách logic.
2. Sử dụng các từ nối (Linking words) tận dụng tối đa nhưng phải mang tính chất logic, tránh lạm dụng.
3. Lập dàn ý (Outline: Introduction, Body, Conclusion)
4. Trong mỗi đoạn văn phải có câu chủ. Từ câu chủ phát triển ra các câu giải thích, trong đó có sử dụng các từ nối hợp lý.
Các mẹo viết luận Tiếng Anh hiệu quả

Các mẹo viết luận Tiếng Anh hiệu quả

1. Đoạn văn thân bài 1:
1.1. Câu chủ đề (Topic Sentence):
Nên mở đầu câu topic sentence bằng một Linking word. Một số ví dụ:
– First/ Firstly/ First of all,…
– In the first place,..
– First and Foremost,…
– To begin/start with,…
Sau đó, bạn bắt đầu viết phần chính của câu chủ đề đầu tiên. Một số mẫu câu:
– What is of utmost importance is…
– What should be the priority is…
– What holds the most importance is…
Sau các mẫu câu đó là một cụm danh từ (Noun Phrase)
Ví dụ: “Happiness is considered very important in life. What are the best ways to be happy?”
Đoạn thân bài đầu tiên sẽ mở đầu bằng: “To begin with, what holds the most importance is a positive attitude to life”
Tuy nhiên, bạn cần linh hoạt trong việc thay đổi cấu trúc câu, vì trên hết, đây cũng chỉ là những gợi ý.
1.2. Các câu văn sau
Được viết dựa trên ý kiến chủ quan của cá nhân. Tuy nhiên, để đạt được hiệu quả, bạn cần lưu ý cách sử dụng các Linking words. Linking Words nên đặt đầu mỗi Supporting Ideas, không nên đặt đầu các ý mở rộng.
Linking word 1: Đúng hơn là các phương tiện liên kết, có thể là Linking word hoặc Linking Phrase đều được:
– It is apparent/ obvious/ widely accepted/ widely known/ well noted,…
– It cannot be denied/ It is undeniable that/…
– Clearly/ Obviously,…
Linking word 2
– Moreover/ Furthermore/ Nevertheless/…
– More imporantly, more interestingly,…
Với cấu trúc đó, bạn có thể tham khảo đoạn văn sau:
” To begin with, what holds the most importance is a positive attitude to life. Obviously, this approach can help people reduce stress and negative feelings. People can be much happier simply by thinking about the good things in their life: family, good health and pets. More importantly, they can focus on improving things they are less happy about such as getting a better job or moving to a new place. With the right attitude, the most difficult problems might be solved. Thus, a right attitude to life is what makes us happy in our life.“
2. Đoạn văn thân bài 2 và 3:
Về cơ bản tuân thủ nguyên tắc viết đoạn văn thân bài 1, chỉ khác ở phương tiện liên kết ở đầu đoạn và cách viết topic senctence:
2.1. Linking words:
Đoạn 2: Các linking words: Second of all/ Second/ Secondly/ In the second place/…
Đoạn 3: Các linking words: Lastly/ Finally/ Last but not least/…
2.2. Topic sentence:
– … is of equal importance/ is equally important/…
– … is of paramount importance …
– … is also what should be taken into consideration.
– … is another contributing factor to …
– … is also noteworthy…
– The second noteworthy reason/advantage/… is …
Đây chỉ là những gợi ý, bạn nên tìm thêm các cấu trúc khác để mở rộng linh hoạt hơn vốn cấu trúc của mình.
Đoạn văn thứ hai bạn có thể tham khảo:
“Enjoying the little things in life can be another important factor for happiness. Obviously, this can make people feel comfortable. Some people think that life is about achieving great things like having a successful job or a big house, but life is also about small pleasures like having a good dinner or a nice walk in the countryside. In this way, people gain the comfort for a happy life. More meaningfully, enjoying the little things helps people become more patient and willing to put more effort in everything they do. They would consider small steps as the vital practice for great success. Therefore, enjoying the little things is also an important contributing factor to happiness.”
Structure of a Good Introduction
If you use this structure you will not only score higher marks but you will also save time in the exam. If you practice enough, introductions will become easy and you will do them in just a few minutes. This will leave you lots of time to focus on the main body paragraphs where you can pick up lots of mark.
An IELTS writing task 2 opinion essay should have three sentences and these three sentences should be:
1. Paraphrase question
2. Thesis statement
3. Outline statement
That’s it. Simple! Let’s look at each sentence in more detail.
1. Paraphrase Question
Paraphrasing means stating the question again, but with different words so that it has the same meaning. We do this by using synonyms and flipping the order of the sentences around.
Question: There is a good deal of evidence that increasing car use is contributing to global warming and having other undesirable effects on people’s health and well-being.
Paraphrase: Rising global temperatures and human health and fitness issues are often viewed as being caused by the expanding use of automobiles.
The synonyms I’ve used are:
Increasing- expanding
Car use- use of automobiles
Global warming- rising global temperatures
People’s health and well-being- human health and fitness
As you can see, I then switched the order of the sentence around.
I have therefore demonstrated to the examiner that I can paraphrase and have a wide range of vocabulary. These are two of the things that the examiner is specifically looking for and you will gain marks for including them.
You should practice this with past paper questions.
2. Thesis Statement
This is the most important sentence in your essay. This is your main idea and I often describe it to students as how you feel about the whole issue in one sentence. It tells the examiner that you have understood the question and will lead to a clear and coherent essay.
Let’s look at the thesis sentence from the previous example:
Thesis statement: This essay agrees that increasing use of motor vehicles is contributing to rising global temperatures and certain health issues.
It is always just one sentence long so you will have to practice summing up your opinion in one sentence. It should also address the micro-keywords and not the topic in general.
You should start your thesis statement with:
This essay agrees that….. or this essay disagrees that….. (Opinion essays)
The main cause(s) of this issue is….. (Causes and solutions)
The principal advantage(s) is (xxxxx) and the main disadvantage is (xxxxxx). (Advantage and disadvantages).
For a discussion (of two points of view) essay you should state both points of view clearly.
Let’s look at another example:
Some aspects of celebrity culture have a bad influence on young people.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
To keep things simple, we have two options-
1. Agree that some aspects of celebrity culture have a bad influence on young people.
2. Disagree that some aspects of celebrity culture have a bad influence on young people.
My essay will argue that celebrity culture does have a bad influence and my thesis statement will there be:
This essay agrees that the some famous people’s lifestyles have a detrimental effect on the youth of today.
I have stated my opinion in one sentence and used synonyms to make sure I don’t just repeat the question.
Thesis statements are very important but only in question that ask you for your opinion. Some IELTS questions do not ask you for your opinion and in these cases you can leave it out.
3. Outline Statement
Now that you have paraphrased the question and told the examiner what you think in your thesis sentence, you are now going to tell the examiner what you will discuss in the main body paragraphs. In other words, you will outline what the examiner will read in the rest of the essay. This should be one sentence only.
Question: There is a good deal of evidence that increasing car use is contributing to global warming and having other undesirable effects on people’s health and well-being.
Outline statement: Firstly, this essay will discuss the production of greenhouse gases by vehicles and secondly, it will discuss other toxic chemicals released by internal combustion engines.
So what I have done is just look at my main body paragraphs and wrote about what they contain. You should have only one main idea per paragraph. In this essay, I have only two main body paragraphs, so I only need to say two things in the outline statement.
Main body paragraph 1- production of greenhouse gases by cars.
Main body paragraph 2- toxic chemical produced by car engines.
Again, your main body paragraphs should have only one main idea so it should be easy to spot these and then write a sentence about them.

Top Linking words in writing essays

Top Linking words in writing essays

Although some of these words have already been mentioned as sentence connectors, they can also be used to develop coherence within a paragraph, that is linking one idea / argument to another. Print off this page to keep as a reference of useful linking words and phrases.
  • First / firstly, second / secondly, third / thirdly etc
  • Next, last, finally
  • In addition, moreover
  • Further / furthermore
  • Another
  • Also
  • In conclusion
  • To summarise
  • So
  • As a result
  • As a consequence (of)
  • Therefore
  • Thus
  • Consequently
  • Hence
  • Due to
  • Undoubtedly
  • Indeed
  • Obviously
  • Generally
  • Admittedly
  • In fact
  • Particularly / in particular
  • Especially
  • Clearly
  • Importantly
  • And
  • In addition / additionally / an additional
  • Furthermore
  • Also
  • Too
  • As well as
  • For
  • Because
  • Since
  • As
  • Because of
  • For example
  • For instance
  • That is (ie)
  • Such as
  • Including
  • Namely
  • However
  • Nevertheless
  • Nonetheless
  • Still
  • Although / even though
  • Though
  • But
  • Yet
  • Despite / in spite of
  • In contrast (to) / in comparison
  • While
  • Whereas
  • On the other hand
  • On the contrary
  • Similarly
  • Likewise
  • Also
  • Like
  • Just as
  • Just like
  • Similar to
  • Same as
  • Compare
  • compare(d) to / with
  • Not only...but also

Thứ Năm, 2 tháng 5, 2019




I. Choose the word or the phrase that are not correct (0.2 x 5 = 1pt)

1.I like watching TV. There are a good film on TV tonight.    => is
                 A                           B                      C            D                                             
2. What is he often do when it’s hot?                                 => does
            A     B                      C      D
3. How much rooms are there in the new house?                => many
                       A                    B        C         D
4. I’m very thirsty. I like  any apple juice.                          => some
            A              B          C     D
5. How many children do your sister have?                        => does
                        A          B     C                      D 
II. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.
1. Look! The plane is flying towards the airport. It (land) is going to land
2. Ha’s father (drive) ……is driving.……his car to the garage at the moment.
3. Mr. John (not have).…didn't have…classes yesterday.
4. You shouldn’t (eat) …eat…food in this canteen.
5. Mrs. Thuy is cleaning the windows and doors. Let’s (help) …help…her.
III.  Complete the sentences with a suitable preposition.
1. What's ....for..... breakfast?   - Bread and milk.
2. I don't think it's much cheaper to go bus.
3.Viet lives …with… his aunt and uncle …at83 Hoang   Van Thu   Street.
4. I live a few kilometres  .....from..... my school.
5. Nga is waiting .....for.... us. Be quick, please

IV. Use the words given in brackets to form a word that fits in the space.
1. Our roads are…dangerous….                                                    (DANGER)
2. We must be ……careful….when we cross the road                            (CARE)
3. A…farmer…is working on his farm.                                      (FARM)
4. My brother is a bus……driver                                                        (DRIVE)
5. Miss Thuy is …riding…her motorbike to work.                                (RIDE)
6. Near my house there is a market. It is very……noisy                   (NOISE)
7. a big problem in many cities in the world.        (POLLUTE)
8. There are a lot of.....beautiful...mountains in Viet Nam.                 (BEAUTY)
9. I'm Vietnamese. What's your.....nationality..?                                              (NATION)
10. This tree has a lot of green ...leaves...                                               (LEAF)

V. Finish the second sentence in such a way that is similar to the original one.

1. Lan’s school bag is new.
=> Lan has …a new school bag.…..
2. Does Thu’s school have forty classrooms?
=> Are…there forty classrooms in Thu's school?…?
3. How many apples does she want?
=> How many apples would……she like....?
4. Mr. Tuan drives very carefully.  
=> Mr. Tuan is …a very careful driver..….
5. Does your grandfather cycle to work?
=> Does your grandfather get …to work by bike..?
6. How much does a box of chocolates cost?
=> What …is the price of a box of chocolates……?
7. My father likes tea.
=>  My father’s favorite …drink is tea….
8. My  house is behind the hotel.
=> The in front of my house....
9.What about going to Ha Long Bay ?
=> Why don't we .....go to Ha Long Bay..?
10. He goes to school on foot.
  => He  ......walks to school....

I. Phonetics: Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.
1. A. thank                       B. that                    C. this                    D. those      
2.  A. reuse                      B. recycle               C. rewrite               D. president
II. Vocabulary and grammar: Choose the correct answer and circle A, B, C or D
1. Walking to school will help ……………… air pollution.
A. reduce                                  B. reuse                 C. recycle               D. refill
2. We might ……………….. a robot do our housework.
A. have                                      B. to have              C. having               D. had
3. “.……………..  do you get up?” – “I get up at six o’clock”.
A. What time                             B. Which time          C. How many           D. What
4. My father never goes to the café because he can …………… coffee at home.
A. do                                         B. make                 C. use                    D. take
5. ……………pollution causes breathing proplem.
A. Soil                                       B. Noise                 C. Air                    D. deforestation
6. A …………read out the news on a television or radio news programme.
A. Tv viewer                             B. Newsreader       C, weatherman       D. MC
7. Tom ………………visit London many times.
A. Visits                                    B. have visited       c. has visited          D. visited
8. In 1958, Pelé …………..his first world Cup.
A. has won                                B. won                   C. win                    D. wins
I. Read the text and answer the questions below  :
A robot cannot think or do things alone. People use a computer to control it. Today, robots are not very popular because they are too expensive, but they are very useful. They can help us save a lot of time and work. A robot can do the same work for 24 hours and it does not complain or get tired. In the future, scientists will design many types of intelligent robots. Their robots will be able to do many more complicated things. However, some people do not like robots. They fear that one day robots will be too powerful.
1.What do people use to control a robot?
→ ………………………………………………………….………………
2. What can a robot help us?
→ ………………………………………………………………….………
3. Will robot be able to do many more complicated things?
→ ……………………………………………………..………….……..
4. Why don’t some people like robots?
→ ……………………………………………………..…………..
II. Read the passage about recycling then answer True (T) or False (F)
Recycling is important in improving the environment. Below are some helpful tips about recycling in and around the home.
Find ways of recycling different materials
Many materials can be recycled, such as paper, plastic, metal and glass. Other items such as furniture, electronic equipment, building material and vehicles can also be recycled.
Buy products that can be recycled
When shopping at the supermarket, buy products that can be recycled easily such as glass jars and tin cans.
Recycling bins
Make sure you have a recycling bin in your home. Keep it in an obvious place so you won’t forget to use it.
1. Plastic cannot be recycled.                                                       ____________
2. When shopping, it is a good idea to buy things from glass.     ____________
3. It is better to put the recycling bins in obvious places.             ____________
4. Recycling is important in improving the environment             ____________
PART D.  WRITING (2,5ms)
I.  Combine two sentences using the given words. (Nối hai câu bằng cách sử dụng các từ trong
1. Lan can sing very well. She can’t play the piano. (Combine these sentences with “although”)
2. We use the car all the time. We make the air dirty (Rewrite this sentence with “If”)
II. Do as directed
1.    If the soil (be)…………. polluted, the vegetables (die)……. ( Chia động từ trong ngoặc)
2.    This is (interesting) ……………….….book that I have ever read. (Cho dạng so sánh nhất )
3.    the cars / Will/ fly/ be able to/ in the future ? ( Sắp xếp thành câu hoàn chỉnh)

1.  Odd one out. Which underlined sound is pronounced differently in each group
1. A. bicycle
B. exciting
C. favourite
D. widely
2. A. doctor
B. opening
C. gold
D. postcard
3. A. father
B. earth
C. both
D. marathon
4. A. fear
B. repeat
C. idea
D. really
5. A. hair
B. fare
C. prepare
D. speaker
6. A. further
B. another
C. leather
D. author
2.  Choose A, B, or C to fill the gaps in the passage.
Most children love (1) ____________ activies.
They play football, go skateboarding or go (2) ______.
In countries with snow like (3) ___________, children go to the mountains with their parents go to skiing.
They can make a (4) _______________ in the playground in front of their house.
When the weather is bad, they can stay at home and watch interesting (5) _____________ on TV.

A.   outdoor
B.   indoor
C.   school
A.   tennis
B.   swimming
C.   karaoke
A.   Sweden
B.   Paris
C.   Bangkok
A.  snowman
B.   postman
C.   sportsman
A.  channels
B.   viewers
C.   programmes
3. Choose one of the words/phrases in the box to complete sentences 1-6.
remote control
local television
Summer sports

The most famous building in __________________________ is the Eiffel Tower.
Pelé is the greatest ______________________________ player of all time.
_____________________________ has many useful programmes.
Russia is the biggest ___________ in the world.
You can use a _______________ to change channels.
____________ are very popular in countries with a lot of sunshine like Australia.
4. Complete the sentences with the present simple, present or past simple forms of the verbs in brackets.
John, you are late. The documentary _____________________ ten minutes ago. (start)
Children sometimes ____­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­________________________ adult sports like golf. (play)
The USA ___________________________  colour TV in 1953. (have)
The World Cup ______________________________ held every four years. (be)
My mother _______________________ me a pair of sports shoes for my last birthday. (buy)
Thomas ______________________________________ for BBC One since 2005. (work)
5. Are the underlined question words correct? If not, correct them.
Who sports do you like?

- What time do you have English classes? - Monday and Thursday.


What is the longest river in the world?

What tall are the Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur?

Where is the Great Wall: China or Korea?


7. Choose the best replies for the questions.


What time does the match start?
1.  ­­­­­_____
A. Certainly.
Would you like to visit Ha Long Bay?
2. _____
B. Not many, only 4 or 5.
Where is the Pyramid of Giza?
3. _____
C. It’s in Egypt.
How many TV channels for children are there in your country?
4. _____
D. Larry King in the USA.
Who is the most famous TV interviewer?
5. _____
E. I think it’s at 8.