Thứ Năm, 1 tháng 11, 2018

Exercise 2: Rewrite the following sentences with the same meaning as the first one:


Sentence transformation 1B
1. It isn’t necessary to finish the work today.
 You don’t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. Sally finally managed to get a job.
 Sally finally succeeded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. That’s the last time I go to that restaurant.
I certainly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. “I advised you to take a holiday” The doctor said.
 “You’d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. If you don’t rest your self you really will be ill.
 Unless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. The doctor told him that he worked too hard.
 You. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. Those pictures are beautiful.
How . . . . . . . . .
8. It was an interesting film.
 What . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. What’s the weight of your suitcase?
How. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. How tall is Peter?
 What . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sentence transformation 2B
1. We arrived too late to see the first film.
We didn’t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. “I’m sorry that I broke the glass” said Peter.
 Peter apologized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. I was downing, but he saved me.
If he . . . . . . . . .
4. Sally is the cleverest student in the class.
Nobody . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. I have never read such a romantic story before.
This is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. We can’t afford to buy the car.
The car . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. His parents made him study hard for the exams.
 He was . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. We started cooking for the party four hours ago.
 We have . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. He has never behaved so violent before.
 He is behaving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. We couldn’t get nearer because of the police.
 The police. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sentence transformation 3B
1. Somebody repaired her car yesterday.
She . . . . . . . . . . .
2. You must see the manager tomorrow morning.
You’ve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. I’ve warned you not to go near the dog.
 I’ve warned you about . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. She can meet him if he arrives before eleven.
So . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. There was never any answer when I rang.
 Every . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. She knows more about it than I do.
I don’t. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. Although he had a good salary, he was unhappy in his job.
 In spite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. He prefers golf to tennis.
 He’d rather. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. The garden still needs digging.
The garden hasn’t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. Susan felt sick, because she ate four cream cakes.
 If Susan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sentence transformation 4B
1. She couldn’t afford to buy the car.
The car. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. She didn’t say a word as she left the room.
 She left. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. They think the owner of the house is abroad.
The owner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. You remembered to post the letter, didn’t you?
You didn’t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. Speaking English fluently is not easy.
 It . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. I’m sorry that I didn’t finish my homework last night.
 I wish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. She asked John how he liked her new dress.
“How . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. A train leaves at eight o’clock every morning.
 There is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. Nobody can deny that she has a beautiful voice.
 It . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. I would like you to help me to put the chair away.
 Do you mind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?

Sentence transformation 5B
1. Reading scientific books is one of my interests.
I’m . . . . . . . . . . .
2. Unless he phones her immediately, he won’t get any information.
If . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. The garage is going to repair the car for us next week.
 We are going to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. The news was wonderful that she decided to have a celebration.
It was . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. It’s very difficult to leave here after such a long time.
 It isn’t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. I always see him working in the garden on Sundays.
 He takes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. 18 people came although we had expected only 16.
Two extra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. Jerry’s salary as an accountant is two thousand dollars a month.
Jerry makes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. We need a week to think about it.
We need. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. The owners of newspapers are usually very rich.
The people . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sentence transformation 6B
1. She and I have never been there before.
Neither. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. It was such a good weather that we went swimming.
The weather. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. I can’t see that far.
It is too . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. I have never been to the ballet before.
It is . . . . . .. . . . . . . .
5. John doesn’t always speak the truth, I’m afraid.
You can’t. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. Why don’t you put your luggage under the seat? He asked.
He suggested . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. The restaurant is so dirty that no one wants to eat there.
It is such . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. I’m always nervous when I face a lot of people.
Facing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. Apples are usually cheaper than oranges.
 Apples are not . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. You can’t visitMoscowunless you get a visa.
 If you . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sentence transformation 7B
1. John smoked cigarettes when he was a young man.
John used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. “Hand your books to me when you have finished, please. ”
He asked me . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. In countries likeBritainthe weather changes all the time.
In countries likeBritain, the weather is. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. You do not have to pay for secondary education inBritain.
Secondary education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. He had a weak heart which meant he couldn’t walk very far.
His heart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. Unless he phones immediately he won’t get information.
If . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. How long is it since they bought the house?
When . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. He couldn’t repair the broken vase.
The . . . . . . . . . . .
9. The garden still needs digging.
The garden hasn’t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. Have you had a cheaper carpet than this?
 Is this . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?

Sentence transformation 8B
1. When I was younger I used to go climbing more than I do now.
Now . . . . . . . . .
2. Englandno longer had dreadful fogs.
There used to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. It is years since we decorated the room.
We haven’t. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. By the time we arrive the other guests will have already started dinner.
The other guests will start . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. I would like the school holidays to be longer.
I wish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. John is not old enough to join the club.
John is too . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. He is to blame for his mistakes. This is very necessary.
It . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. He must pass his intermediate level English examination. That was obligatory.
It . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. The mother came and lived with them to take care of their children. That was their-   request.
It . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. Isabel: “You can’t borrow my pen, Robert”.
 Isabel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11. You lied to him, which was wrong.
You . . . . . . . . . .


Sentence transformation 9B
1. I wouldn’t do anything for you.
There’s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. Yogurt is supposed to be good for you.
Yogurt is supposed to do . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. Is it essential to meet your aunt at the station?
 Does your aunt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?
4. Even though I admire his courage, I think he is foolish.
Much . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. Given fair warning, I could have avoided that date.
 If you had told me . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. Please don’t say things like that.
 I wish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. It would have been a superb weekend if it hadn’t been for the weather.
 But . . . . . . . . . . .
9. Dogs can swim better than cats can.
Cats can not . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. She hasn’t been to the hair dresser for three months.
It’s . . . . . . . . . . . .
11. There’s a spare bed in David’s room.
 David’s room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sentence transformation 10B
1. I can’t get my feet into these shoes.
 These shoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. I am very pleased that we shall meet again soon.
I’m looking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. “Keep away from this area” said the security guard, when approached the fence.
  The security guard told . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. I’ve never met such a famous person before.
 It’s . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. This pudding can be cooked in its tin.
 You don’t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. They thought that he was waiting for a message.
 He . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. He couldn’t drive his car because he has no driving license.
If . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. He found out the key which he lost a long time ago.
 The key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. Nothing could be done to help him.
They . . . . . . . . .
10. He was accustomed to stay up late.
 He used to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sentence transformation 11B
1. Someone stole my purse from my handbag.
 My purse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. She asked John to repeat what he has said.
 Please . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. It is a pity you didn’t tell us about this.
I wish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. We couldn’t go out because the weather was so bad.
 It was such . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5. “Keep away from this area” said the security guard when we approached the fence.      
The security guard told . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. He could repair the broken vase.
 The . . . . . . . . . . .
7. He is sorry now that he didn’t invite us to the party.
 He wishes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. Although he had a good salary. He was unhappy in his job.
 Despite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. He couldn’t afford to buy the car.
 He wasn’t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. Couldn’t you have got a bus to the station?
 Wasn’t it . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?

Sentence transformation 12B
1. Jane is a brilliant swimmer. She presentedBritainin the Olympic Games.
 Jane, a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2. The girl living next-door to me is getting married next year.
 The girl that . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3. This mountain is high; we can’t climb it.
 This mountain is too . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4. Are you very tall? Can you reach that picture?
 Are you tall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ?
5. A donkey is less beautiful than a horse.
 A donkey is not . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6. She doesn’t usually stay up late.
 She’s not used . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7. I f I were you, I’d look for another job.
 I suggested . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8. He lost his money simply he wasn’t careful.
 If . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9. They last visited me five years ago.
 They haven’t. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10. All his suits were made inParis.
 He . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..


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Author:

Etiam at libero iaculis, mollis justo non, blandit augue. Vestibulum sit amet sodales est, a lacinia ex. Suspendisse vel enim sagittis, volutpat sem eget, condimentum sem.

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